Almost 1 Year - August 19, 2015

Almost 1 Year – August 19, 2015


Happy Birthday, Todd!

Todd’s first year is over…I can’t believe it!  This is the last of the “Baby Todd” updates.  Next month I’ll start my “Todd the Toddler” series!

Starting this final month of the year, I decided to change the format for these monthly updates.  At this point it seems kind of crazy to count up the weeks, now that we’re up to weeks 48-52!!  Now– I’m just making different categories based on what goes on each month…


Todd & Ashley - August 10, 2015

Todd & Ashley – August 10, 2015


  • 1st bus ride (FHC Skyfair, 7/25)
  • 1st time in his new Diono Radian RXT Convertible Car Seat (7/28)
  • 1st time using toddler toothpaste (7/31)
  • 1st time that Eric put Todd to bed (8/8)
  • 1st time in pool float (8/10)
  • 1st and 2nd dunks underwater at the pool (8/10)
  • 1st time watersliding (8/11)
New car seat - July 28, 2015

New car seat – July 28, 2015


  • 1st word? “Jump” – Eric & I both said it and then Todd did (7/31)
  • says “nyam/nyom”
  • he said “cat” right after I did (8/4)
  • he said “dog” right after I did (8/5)
  • he says “ba” and “ga” a LOT.  It could be “ball” because we play with balls a lot.
  • he combines all of his sounds like he’s making sentences: ba, ga, na, nam, ma, da, gee, etc


  • we’re finishing formula can #68, which means he consumed about 5 cans this month (same as last month)
  • he enjoyed eating wild blackberries during stroller walks
  • he eats 3 meals per day
  • fruit is always a favorite!
  • I re-introduced romaine by breaking it into tiny bits (7/27)
  • he blows bubbles in his smoothie and other liquids while smiling (see video)
  • he curls his tongue to sideways
  • he tries to bite me and thinks it’s hilarious


  • he climbed:
    — partially up the side of the Pack ‘n Play
    — on his car then onto a speaker (7/30)
    — into the oven drawer (8/3)
    — on a 13″ tall bin under microwave (8/3)
    — onto the 15″ tall speaker (by itself) (8/4)
    — onto the couch (a lot) (8/16)
    — up & down from the armrest side of the couch safely (with a 5″ bin underneath)
  • he safely backs himself down off couch (he started 7/21 and was proficient by month’s end)
  • he backed down off the couch & papasan chair at the condo (8/13)
  • I arranged the couch/coffee table with pillows & bins for safety, so he can freely get up/down (8/17)
  • I moved the table because he kept wanting to climb on it (8/20)


  • he sits himself on his Little Tikes car and started to push it with his feet
  • he was able to turn his Little Tikes car from standing (8/19)
  • he loves playing on pillows, especially on my bed
  • he stepped down on bass drum pedal hard enough to make a sound, then jumped up and down
  • he loves to play drums and keyboard
  • he cracks up chasing us and being chased
  • he “dances” by bending his knees and he steps rapidly in place
  • he reaches up to put balls/toys in the hoop of Little Tikes basketball hoop
  • he loves being outside and gets upset when we come in
Todd at Beehive Reservoir - August 12, 2015

Todd at Beehive Reservoir – August 12, 2015


  • he stood up on his Little Tikes car and let go
  • he did a little bit of walking with both hands on thighs (8/2)
  • he stepped over my legs in control (8/4)
  • he did a forward somersault off the Aerobed (8/7)
  • he’s starting to run!
Todd climbed on a box - August 4, 2015

Todd climbed on a box – August 4, 2015


  • he does the “tantrum cry” when he doesn’t get what he wants
  • he does the “twist & drop” to avoid being picked up
  • he does the “full body arch back” to try to get away
July 26, 2015

July 26, 2015


  • he seems to look at me for approval
  • I whisper in his ear, “Do you know that I love you a lot? Do you know that?”
  • he fed his bottle to my mouth
  • he offered his “pillow blanket” to my mouth (Little Giraffe Bella™ Blanky)
  • he stood outside his crib waiting and “asking” for his pillow blanket (8/3)
  • he keeps his “pillow blanket” with him a lot
  • he can’t get enough of Eric when he gets home from work
July 26, 2015

July 26, 2015


  • he got interested in the prints on his shirts (while wearing them)
  • he pulled a photo album and an entire (empty) shelf off the bookcase (7/30)
  • since he always races toward our dishwasher when it’s open at home, Eric opened all the dishwashers at Home Depot when we went shopping to tease Todd…
Looking at all the open dishwashers at Home Depot - August 15, 2015

Looking at all the open dishwashers at Home Depot – August 15, 2015


  • the left side hair over his ear is longer than the right
  • a shopper at Haggen said “You have a picture perfect baby. That’s what a baby should look like!” (7/28)
  • he does this funny “shaky thing”
  • he put his hands together as if clapping (8/18)
  • he laughed when I jump-roped (8/19)


  • he loves his family!
  • his cousin Kylie came over (7/22, 8/19)
  • his Grammy & Granddad (Eric’s parents) came over (7/24)
  • his aunt Karin & cousins Ashley & Eli stayed with us for a week, and we went to Wenatchee for rollerblading, waterslides, swimming at the pool, hiking, miniature golf and more (8/7 – 8/14)
Ashley & Todd - August 7, 2015

Ashley & Todd – August 7, 2015


  • he woke up at night 5x
  • he fell asleep on the couch with Ashley (8/12)
  • he took 1 crib nap (8/19)
  • morning swing naps started a bit later in the morning and typically didn’t last longer than 2 hours
  • no other changes in sleep to report
Ready for bed - August 18, 2015

Ready for bed – August 18, 2015


  • he had 6 “poo misses” and the rest of his poops made it into the toilet
  • we bought a new toilet seat (8/15) for $40 at Home Depot that has a built-in child seat (but, for now, Todd still seems to need his Graco Contour Potty Ring because he stays put better with bottom in more of a “hole”)
  • one poop in the toilet consisted of 3 balls each connected by one of my hairs…Haha! (8/2)

(i.e. number of poops that didn’t make it into the toilet starting December 3, 2014, when we starting toileting Todd at 3.5 months old)

  • 7 in December
  • 6 in January
  • 1 in February
  • 1 in March
  • 1 in April
  • 5 in May
  • 7 in June
  • 12 in July
  • 4 in August (through Aug 20)

Total = 44

Todd in the oven drawer - August 3, 2015

Todd in the oven drawer – August 3, 2015

See you next month!

One year old - August 21, 2015

One year old – August 21, 2015

~9:30 PM on August 21, 2015

Usually my posts are so long and detailed that they take days to compose.  Right now, I’m attempting to get this done tonight.  The picture above was taken just a short while ago.  In the moments before I took it, I felt the same heart swell that I feel at least 1000 times every single day.  I love Todd so much that it makes me get a little teary at various moments all the time.

When I look back on my life before Todd, I know that it was really, really good, but I can’t help but look at the “before Todd” pictures and see that HE wasn’t there.  I see a certain emptiness.  It’s so weird and so wonderful.  And scary, too:  I don’t know how I would go on if something bad happened to him.  But I can’t think about that…

Actually the purpose of this post is to talk about today.  Today was Todd’s first birthday.  It was a great day.  I knew it was coming.  I’ve thought about it a lot.  But even I was surprised at how emotional I felt today.  It was a happy teary kind of day.

The day started when Eric surprised me with a thoughtful card.  Todd and I had a fun morning in the house, then after his nap I took him to the Imagine Children’s Museum (Everett, WA) for the first time.  Eric was able to join us there, and then we went out to dinner.  Back home, there was the usual evening rowdiness followed by my wild, active toddler turning, like putty in my arms, into my sleepy, cuddly baby.

When I look at Todd and I feel so much love, I know that it’s because he’s made from us.  Not like, “he’s our son so of course we love him,” but somehow it feels like much more than that.  Todd is the product of a LOT of love that Eric and I have for each other.  And I do believe that higher powers were at work in creating him, too…

Now– this might seem like an out-of-place time to say this, but it’s only true:

Todd’s Birth Day was THE worst day of my life.

I felt that way from Day 1.  Is that shocking?  It feels very shocking to me.  But it’s the truth, and it’s something that I live with every day to some degree or another.  I first mentioned it when I wrote up the post about Todd’s Birth Day (it’s at the very end), and I bullet-point listed the reasons why.  At the time, I was almost 1 month post-partum, and I honestly figured that the feeling would be temporary.  I mentioned closure in that post, but now I doubt if I’ll ever get full closure.

But– today I did have one epiphany that gave me a small degree of that closure.  What I realized today was that the overwhelming, almost painful love that I feel for Todd MUST BE THE SAME THING as “that” feeling– the euphoria, the adrenalin rush, the birth “high”– that I wanted but I absolutely did not feel at the time of Todd’s birth.  (Recall that all I was capable of feeling was relief.  I was 100% physically depleted.)

I’ve been looking forward to this day for a long time.  I knew that Todd’s birthday would be so much better than his birth day!  But like I said at the beginning, I wasn’t prepared for how emotional I’d feel.

So I’d like to take a moment to rejoice in all the ways that today brought me pleasures and joys that Todd’s birth day did not:

  • On Todd’s birth day, I endured tremendous physical pain and exhaustion.
    Today there was none of that!
  • On Todd’s birth day, I didn’t have him until late in the day.
    Today I had him with me all day!
  • On Todd’s birth day, I only got to hold him for a few minutes.
    Today I held him, hugged him, and loved him all day!
  • On Todd’s birth day, Eric, Todd and I didn’t have any family bonding time.
    Today we had plenty of bonding time!
  • On Todd’s birth day, my niece Ashley (who was with me during labor) wasn’t able to see him at all.
    Today she saw him via video chat!
  • On Todd’s birth day, I had to go to the hospital, and I felt like a failure.
    Today, I was in the vicinity of the hospital, and I actually haven’t felt like a failure in a long time!


  • On Todd’s birth day, I didn’t feel euphoria.
    Today I felt it!  Every day, I feel it when I’m with Todd.

Todd’s birth day WAS the worst day of my life.  However– every one of the ~365 days that he’s been in my life since have been the BEST days of my life.

Here are a few more pictures from today:

Morning bottle

Morning bottle

Elisa & Todd

Elisa & Todd

At the Children's Museum

At the Children’s Museum

Well it seems that it’s just a wee past midnight now, so it’s actually August 22nd now.  But I did fulfill my goal.  So, GOOD night!


Less than a day old - August 22, 2014

Less than a day old – August 22, 2014

Today is Todd’s 1st Birthday!  August 21, 2015.

His first year…SO many milestones…SO much to document!  This post is all about sleep…Zzzz.  It could be alternately titled, “Don’t Hate Me Because I’m NOT a Sleep-Deprived Mom!”

Todd’s been a great sleeper so far, and I’m beyond grateful for that.  His long morning naps have given me that precious “me time,” which helps me be the best mom and wife I can be during the other times.  And– every night that I don’t hear one peep from the baby monitor turns into one happy morning!

In truth, all mornings are happy mornings regardless of whether Todd wakes up in the night or not.  But at least if I wake up tired, I can rarely blame it on Todd!

The only exception to this was Todd’s first ~2 months.  Of course I was completely sleep deprived during that newborn phase!!  But mercifully that didn’t last long.  I just happen to know for certain that lots and lots of babies and toddlers keep their moms up at night for many months and even years!

About me:  I’m a morning person.  Most of the time, I wake up before Todd does, and it usually gives me enough time to do a little reading and/or computer stuff before it’s “GO” time with Todd.  For the longest time, he’s been waking up between 6-7 AM.  Often, Eric gets to see Todd before he leaves for work at ~6:30 AM.  I’m always happy when they get at least a few moments together in the morning.

My own sleep quality has vastly improved since I’ve been home with Todd.  Now that I’m not working (at least for now), I really know how job stress can affect one’s sleep!  On workdays (pre-pregnancy), I used to wake up at least once before my alarm would go off at 5 AM, even though I was sooo tired!  It was maddening.

My (lack of) sleep during pregnancy was a disaster!  Being pregnant and stressed and working full time in a demanding workplace really took its toll.  Waking up every 2 hours for no good reason was insane!  Without a doubt, I can honestly say that I’ve slept much better in the 12 months following Todd’s birth than during the 9+ months of pregnancy and any other time in my adult life.

It’s been awesome.  Don’t hate me!  Now, I’m going to recap Todd’s first year of sleep.  I put the milestones in all caps.

2 days old - August 23, 2014

2 days old – August 23, 2014


Todd spent 2 nights in the hospital after he was born, and he came home at 2 days old (Aug 23).  My initial plan was for him to sleep in the Pack ‘n Play travel bed, next to my bed.  That didn’t work.  He was swaddled, but he had a really hard time sleeping.  Did he even sleep there at all?  My memory is too vague.

At 5 DAYS (Aug 26), Todd started CO-SLEEPING on my bed with me.  I did it out of necessity because it worked.  It was summer and therefore warm enough for me to remain topless, with Todd’s cheek nuzzled up against my breast.  He slept very well that way, but unfortunately I didn’t.

As tired as I was, it was still difficult to get quality sleep, because I was afraid to move a muscle.  Of course, a part of me really cherished those times we had together (my little “bed partner”).  I was still trying to breastfeed then, and a few times Todd was even able to latch onto me that way.  In the mornings, the breast contacting him all night would feel engorged, and I’d find wet, milk spots on my sheets.

During this time, I was waking Todd up at night to feed him (example:  11:30 PM, 3 AM, and 6 AM.)  If I didn’t wake him up, who knows how long he would have slept at night.  Basically, I was trying my best to comply with the “feed every 3 hours” recommendation.  Was I perfect?  No!  And I felt really guilty if I let it stretch longer.

Note– you’re “supposed to” time the feeding duration from the start of one feeding to the start of the next.  That always just seemed wrong!!  It took at least an hour per feeding, which left little time before the next feeding would start.

At 3 WKS (Sept 10), Todd started SLEEPING IN A SWING during the day.  Right away, it was obvious that he was quickly soothed by the motion.  (The same thing applied to the movement/vibration of car rides.)  Motion = easy slumber!  At daytime, Todd also did a lot of sleeping on me, which was precious.

At 4 WKS (Sept 18), Todd started SLEEPING IN HIS CRIB at night (after a successful trial using the Pack ‘n Play Sept 17).  I knew it was “time” to make the change because Todd was starting to cry more when I’d bring him into bed with me.  I figured he could cry in his own bed just as easily.

In really, he didn’t do much crying in his crib.  That first night he went to bed successfully at 7:30 PM.  He woke up hungry at 11 PM, 3 AM and 7 AM.  Once he started sleeping in his crib, I don’t recall waking him up at night anymore.  There was no reason to do that because he started being exclusively formula-fed at this time.  I simply responded to his needs.

2 weeks old - September 5, 2014

2 weeks old – September 5, 2014


The bedtime routine (that I still follow now) was established this month.  I described it Baby Todd’s Second Month.

I had good quality of sleep (but lacking in quantity) once I had my bed to myself again.  I slept with the baby monitor next to my pillow (still do).  When Todd woke up during the night, I’d hear his soft grunts. That was how he communicated his hunger. It wasn’t a cry because I always responded quickly to those initial sounds.

Left to his own sleep/eat rhythm, Todd woke up every ~2.5 to 3 hours at night in the early part of the month. Then, the first sleep block started stretching to 4 to 5.25 hours.

6 HOUR SLEEP… 5.5 WKS (Sept 29)

When Todd was almost 8 weeks, we went to Oregon for a week to visit family.  That trip sticks in my mind as being a major turning point re: sleep.  At the beginning of the week, I felt very tired and run down from the cumulative weeks without a full night’s sleep.  Eric took over “night duty” for couple days at the end of the week, which gave me a much needed break.  Then, the night we got back home Todd had his next sleep “PR”:

7.5 HOUR SLEEP… ALMOST 2 MO/8.5 WKS (Oct 19)

~2 months old - October 20, 2014

~2 months old – October 20, 2014


In the third month, Todd generally woke up once per night and then woke up in the morning anywhere from ~5 to 7 AM (mostly toward the early side!).

At 10 weeks old (Oct 30), I started officially recording Todd’s daytime naps.  I got into a routine of starting his first nap within 3 hours of him waking up in the morning.  Morning naps lasted ~1.25 to 3.5 hours.  There wasn’t much predictability.  Afternoon naps were a regular “thing” and they lasted ~30 minutes to 3 hours… all over the board!


8.5 HOUR SLEEP… ALMOST 3 MO/12.5 WKS (Nov 17)

~2 months old - October 25, 2014

~2 months old – October 25, 2014


9.25 HOUR SLEEP… 3 MO (Nov 21)

9.75 HOUR SLEEP… OVER 3 MO/14 WKS (Nov 28)

This is the month that Todd started to “sleep through the night.”  Nighttime sleeps of ~8 hours (+/-) were frequent occurrences.  And– there were more nights when he slept straight through than when he woke up once.  Keep in mind that an 8 hour sleep starting at 8:30 PM still ends at a very early hour (4:30 AM!).  To maximize my own sleep, I was going to bed pretty much right after Todd was.

9+ hour sleeps (noted above) were outliers this month, but that would change in the next month.

Starting the last half of the month, Todd trended toward longer morning naps (~3 hours) and longer afternoon naps (~2 hours).  Of course, there was wide variability.

3.5 months - December 3, 2014

3.5 months – December 3, 2014


A big chunk of this month included the Christmas and New Year holidays.  We were away from home for 9 nights.  Sleeping away from home was a big challenge for the first 5 nights, but Todd finally accepted the travel bed for the last 4.  The night we got home (Jan 2) we changed his sleep attire and he proceeded to hit the big 1-0 sleep milestone!


10 HOUR SLEEP… ALMOST 4.5 MO/19 WKS (Jan 2)

After Todd set his PR, he then had a span of 7 out of 9 nights when he’d wake up crying/hungry after only being in his crib for ~2.5 hours.  Once he got back to sleep, he was good for the rest of the night.

After the “11 o’clock wake-ups” stopped, Todd had a 9-day stretch of ~9 hour sleeps without any wake ups.  That sleep stretch kicked off with another PR (on Jan 12).  Wake up or no wake up, Todd started his mornings chatty in his crib…so cute!

10.25 HOUR SLEEP… >4.5 MO/20.5 WKS (Jan 12)

Daytime swing naps this month included the more predictable morning nap (up to 3 hours) and the less predictable (and shorter) afternoon nap.  Occasionally Todd “declined” his afternoon nap, but yet he remained pleasant (then zonked out at “night night” time).

A couple times, Eric got to enjoy some rare evening cuddles, when Todd took catnaps on him (Jan 19 & 21).

~4.5 months - January 12, 2015

~4.5 months – January 12, 2015


10.75 HOUR SLEEP… 5 MO/22 WKS (Jan 21)

FIRST CRIB NAP… 5 MO/22 WKS (Jan 23)

11 HOUR SLEEP… 5 MO/22 WKS (Jan 23)


11.25 HOUR SLEEP… ALMOST 6 MO/~26 WKS (Feb 18)

Before this month, would Todd fall asleep on me before I carried him to his crib.  But– for some reason, this whole month Todd didn’t (although he showed signs of being tired).  I put him in his crib awake, but yet he didn’t cry.  I felt proud of him for being so at ease!

This month there were more nights when Todd slept all night than when he woke up once.  When he slept through until morning the duration was ~10 hours (+/-).

Regarding daytime naps–  5 days in a row this month I tried having Todd sleep in his crib instead of the swing.  The first day (Jan 23) was promising, but…by the 5th day, it was clear that the swing needed to stay!  (Read the details in Baby Todd’s Sixth Month).  Other than the “crib nap trial,” Todd kept the same nap sleep pattern as the last month:  He had long morning naps (2-3 hours) and quite a few solid afternoon naps (up to 2.25 hours).

5 months - January 26, 2015

5 months – January 26, 2015


11.75 HOUR SLEEP… 6 MO/26.5 WKS (Feb 24)

This month Todd continued to sleep ~10 hours per night, and he woke up once in the night ~1-3x per week.  At the beginning of the month, Todd was awake going into his crib (like last month), except this month he sometimes cried briefly before falling asleep.

By the end of the month, he was back to being “out” when I put him in bed.  I love when he falls asleep on me in my glider chair because it gives me as much snuggle time as I want.  During the day he’s “Go Todd, Go!”

The nap routine was unchanged from last month.

Almost 7 months - March 14, 2015

Almost 7 months – March 14, 2015


FIRST TRAVEL BED NAP (25 MIN)… >7.5 MO/33 WKS (Apr 11)

This month Todd slept through the night (~10 hours) about half the time and woke up (once in the night) the other half of the time.  He started the month with some “rough” nights (defined below).  He seemed to need just me, crying “ma ma ma” and pulling on my shirt, standing in his crib.

A “typical” (i.e fairly easy) night wake-up looks like this:  Todd wakes up crying.  I get formula, then bring Todd to my room.  I rock him and feed him.  He falls asleep in my arms.  I put him back in his crib.  Total time from awake to back asleep = 30-45 minutes (maximum 1 hour).

A “rough” night (for us) means Todd doesn’t go back to sleep easily after waking.  During a “rough” night, Todd is physically restless and he won’t necessarily accept formula.  He might fall asleep on me but then wake back up when I try to move him.  I don’t like letting him cry in bed for more than a few minutes, so I might have to pick him up 2-3 times.  IF it takes over an hour (up to 2 hours) and it takes several tries to get him asleep, then it’s a “rough” night.  Fortunately, there have been relatively few times when I felt I had no choice but to let him cry until he fell asleep.

Daytime naps were status quo.  Like previous months, the morning nap was solid and consistent, and the afternoon nap was highly variable.  Depending on the length of the morning nap and our afternoon activities, Todd often snoozed in the car or stroller (and 3x he took an evening catnap on one of us).

7 months - March 24, 2015

7 months – March 24, 2015


This month, Todd had more nights when he slept all night (~10 hours) than when he woke up.  When he did wake up, it was typically within 3 hours of his bedtime.  He was usually asleep when I put him in his crib.

Daytime naps remained unchanged.

9 months - May 20, 2015

9 months – May 20, 2015



This month Todd had only 5 nights when he woke up in the night. When he did wake up, he went back to sleep easily after a bottle offering and some rocking in the glider chair.  Bedtime remains ~8:00-8:30 PM. This month it was a mixed bag whether he was asleep or awake when I put him to bed. When he went to bed awake, he always fell asleep within minutes.  ~10 hour sleeps were still the norm.

Daytime naps:  no change.  Afternoon naps were informal (i.e. in the car seat or stroller) and typically of ~30-45 minute duration.  Only once did Todd take an afternoon swing nap (30 minutes).

9.5 months - June 6, 2015

9.5 months – June 6, 2015



Similar to the last month, Todd only woke up in the night 4x this month.  It was Todd’s BEST SLEEP MONTH of the year.  A couple of the night wake-ups coincided with the arrival of a new tooth (which made sense).

This month, Todd generally fell asleep on me before I put him in his crib for the night.  ~10 hour sleeps continued.  I strived for no later than an ~8:30 PM bedtime, but sometimes it’s a challenge with the seasonal, evening brightness of summer.

Todd’s usually plenty ready for bedtime, but a couple times this month he just wasn’t. Instead of fighting him (i.e. letting him cry), Eric and I made the house as dark as possible, we both got on our couches, and we let him play. We modeled “sleeping,” and kept reminding him that it’s “night-night time” when he’d come over to engage with either of us. It was actually hard not to laugh (and we did!). The goal was to show him that it’s not exciting to stay up any later. After about 15-30 minutes, he went to bed easily.

This month, the morning nap shortened a bit. While he did have two 3.25 hour naps and four 2.75-3.0 hour naps this month, the trend was closer to a ~2 hour nap. The swing is still worth its weight in gold!

10 months - June 25, 2015

10 months – June 25, 2015


1ST TIME ERIC PUT TODD TO BED…  ~11.5 MO/~50 WKS (Aug 8)

In this final month of Todd’s first year, Todd had 5 nights when he woke up once (same as the tenth month).  Like last month, morning naps lasted no more than ~2 hours (except two ~3 hour naps).  Morning naps are also starting later now.  Instead of starting ~3 hours after waking they’ve recently been starting ~4-5 hours after waking (at ~11 AM or later).

When we spent a week in Wenatchee, Todd slept solidly at night, but the only daytime naps were those taken in his car seat.

CRIB NAP (1 HOUR)… ~12 MO/52 WKS (Aug 19)

Just two days ago, Todd took the first nap in his crib since January.  What happened was he fell asleep at the end of our morning stroller walk.  Instead of waking him up, I simply carefully moved him to his crib.  He didn’t wake up during that process, then he slept for a solid hour.  That was good!!

Almost 1 year - August 12, 2015

Almost 1 year – August 12, 2015

So there you have it!  I have no idea what’s in store for us sleep-wise in year #2, but obviously I hope it’s just as good!

"There are those who are appalled because I am so vocal about injustice, yet I am equally appalled by their silence." Lujene Clark

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Freeheel Vegan

"My purpose is not to offend you, it is to provoke you to think." Unknown



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